> Jung was borne in Switzerland in 1875 but his work impacts us on so many levels today, via psychology, literature, religion and many more. Some of these are fundamental to Carl Jung's therapy, analytical psychology, while others are merely associated with specific attitudes or cultural products. This might be because his work tended to veer into the mystical and pseudoscientific, and are therefore often studied more as a historical artifact and in realms of literary criticism and popular culture applications of mythology than as a major contribution to the science of the mind and behavior. Archetype. However, in Jungian theory, which is based on the work of Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, some archetypes figure more prominently than others. However, society and our upbringing may have caused us to repress traits viewed as belonging to the opposite gender. Jungian archetypes are defined as universal, archaic symbols and images that derive from the collective unconscious, as proposed by Carl Jung. At this stage, we are mostly preoccupied with our looks, with the way our body looks. To be clear, these are really just labels we have given these attributes and not necessarily inherent characteristics of either men or women. As part of one class I wrote this paper on the influence of astrology on Carl Jung. Jung suggested that the number of existing archetypes was not static or fixed. (Goethe, 1918) According Carl Gustav Jung Archetypes are "forms or images of a collective nature which occur practically all over the earth as constituents of myths and at the same time as individual products of unconscious origin" (Jung, 1980). Mark Vernon. Jung was originally a supporter of his mentor Sigmund Freud. In order to become whole, we must integrate both the masculine and feminine into our psyche. For it is the function of consciousness, not only to recognize and assimilate the external world through the gateway of the senses but to translate into visible reality the world within us," he suggested. However, becoming too closely identified with this archetype can lead people to lose sight of their true selves. Personality encompasses not only consciousness but also the ego and the unconscious mind. Similarly, a woman may become too passive without the masculine competitive element. Learning Mind does not provide medical, psychological, or any other type of professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The character we display in our occupation is not the same as at home. Jung lived from 1875 – 1961 and was a psychiatrist and psychotherapist whose ideas have influenced modern psychology and psychiatry. At this stage, we are mostly preoccupied with … Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. We develop our Shadow by repressing traits others did not approve of. 4. Jung's work. The mirage of reality shatters in this time period and our mind is introduced to a … The Spiritual Phase. This archetype is often described as the darker side of the psyche, representing wildness, chaos, and the unknown. Feminine and masculine archetypes contain a mixture of positive and negative traits. An archetype is like an old watercourse along which the water of life has flowed for centuries, digging a deep channel for itself. When we experience the Shadow archetype, it is often a sign that we are ready to begin a new cycle in life. Archetypes are found throughout mythology, in various religions, in film, in literature, and so on. The word ‘Persona’ is Latin for ‘mask.’ We all have certain ‘masks’ we put on in order to interact socially in a variety of situations. Carl Jung, part 4: Do archetypes exist? Jung suggested that the number of existing archetypes was not static or fixed. They always have a fact, a quote, or a logical argument on the tip of their tongue. The persona develops as a social mask to contain all of the primitive urges, impulses, and emotions that are not considered socially acceptable. According to Jung, the actual way in which an archetype is expressed or realized depends upon a number of factors including an individual's cultural influences and uniquely personal experiences. While Jung agreed with Freud that the unconscious played an important role in personality and behavior, he expanded on Freud's idea of the personal unconscious to include what Jung called the collective unconscious. Archetypes. APA Dictionary of Psychology. By examining the archetypes’ role in our psyches, we can change our behaviors to reach our full potential in life. The Athlete Stage. Kirstie Pursey holds a diploma in creative writing from the Open University and works as a writer, blogger, and storyteller. Persona. American Psychological Association. While many of his ideas may be questioned by modern psychiatry some of his ideas have become commonly accepted, such as his division of personality types into introverted and extraverted. Thus, a kind of metamorphosis is at the very cor. For Jung, archetypes form the foundation of all personal experience. In their present form, they are variants of archetypal ideas created by consciously applying and adapting these ideas to reality. We may repress our desires or qualities because they were frowned upon by others or to protect ourselves from emotional or even physical harm. Ever wonder what your personality type means? To be whole, we need to aim for a balance of ‘feminine’ and ‘masculine’ elements in our psyche. The anima is a feminine image in the male psyche, and the animus is a male image in the female psyche. The anima/animus represents the "true self" rather than the image we present to others and serves as the primary source of communication with the collective unconscious. 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